For different components of a home build, the construction industry uses several building materials. Architects consult structural engineers about the load-bearing capacities of the materials they design with, with concrete, steel, wood, masonry, and stone being the most frequent. Each has a different strength, weight, and durability, making it suitable for a variety of applications. The usage of building materials in the construction sector is governed by national standards and testing techniques, so they can be trusted to provide structural integrity. Architects also consider cost and aesthetics while selecting materials. Natural and artificial materials are the most common types of building materials. Natural materials include stone and wood, whereas man-made materials include concrete, masonry, and steel. Both, however, must be prepped or treated before being utilised in construction. Let’s say you have decided to run your online business in an office. You are now planning on buying building materials to reconstruct the office. You can refer to the following list of the most commonly used building materials before buying them.
- Iron and Steel
Stronger building materials became necessary to support taller structures after men began to build up rather than out. Tall structures also put a lot of weight on load-bearing walls, necessitating the use of some form of support framework to carry the load. Steel plays a dual role in our builder’s toolset, as we can see. It can be embedded in concrete for stability or used as a stand-alone foundation. Steel may be easily prefabricated for a quick and simple installation. It can be fastened in place with a welded, bolted, or riveted joint. It’s also 100% recyclable, which is significant in today’s green construction techniques. Steel is a cost-effective commercial building material that is also making inroads in home construction.
Concrete is a composite material made up of fine and coarse aggregates (such as gravel, crushed stone, recycled concrete, and geosynthetic aggregates) that are held together by a liquid binder like cement that hardens or cures over time. The most popular type of cement is Portland cement, which is a fine powder made by burning limestone and clay components in a kiln and then adding gypsum. As a result, Portland cement concrete is made up of mineral aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The cement hardens or cures after mixing, resulting in the stone-like material we know as concrete. You can find quality mortar and concrete additives in Malaysia here.
Wood isn’t exactly new, but it’s still one of the most durable and effective building materials available. While wood has significant disadvantages, it also possesses long-term durability. If wood is exposed to a lot of moisture over time, it might become a problem. It is, however, exceedingly robust, easy to manipulate, and far less expensive than other materials. With adequate insulation and construction procedures, wood-framed structures can survive a very long time. Wood is a wonderful material choice for most new construction homes and buildings as long as the project is done correctly.
Stone, which has been used for thousands of years, is the most durable building material available. In reality, stones are still used to construct some of the world’s oldest structures. It has numerous advantages, yet engineers and architects must take extra care when designing a structure made of stone.